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BIOL 200 - Human Anatomy and Physiology

An introductory study of the human body which includes anatomy and physiology. The relationship between structure and function is emphasized.

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BIOL 204 - Insects and Humanity

Insects are often hated, sometimes loved, but seldom ignored. These minute creatures provide a window into the complexities of the biological world. This course offers a survey of the varied habitats and peculiar habits of insects, including their competition with humans for food and fiber and their role as disease agents.

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BIOL 207 - Human Anatomy

Introductory study of the human body which includes structural and functional components of selected systems. This course is designed to provide the student with a systematic description of the anatomical structure and function of the human body. Students will gain an understanding of human gross anatomy and a working knowledge of the integration of the human body's major physiological systems. Emphasis will also be placed on critical thinking, active questioning and an appreciation for health and disease from a gross anatomical perspective.

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BIOL 210 - Cellular Introduction to Biology

An introduction to the structure and function of cells in organisms. Topics include the origin of life, the development of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, biological energy conversions, compartmentation of biochemical functions within the cell, inter- and intra-cellular communications. Molecular genetic analysis will be used to examine the control of cellular activities and their application in genetic engineering and biotechnology will be discussed.

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BIOL 211 - Organisms in their Environment

Organisms of all the major groups are affected by their environment and exert their influence on their environment and on each other. Topics will include a description of these relationships, of their development over time, and of theories of evolutionary development of these organisms.

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BIOL 307 - Human Physiology I

A introductory study of human physiology. This course examines the human physiological systems which are the basis of normal body function and homeostasis. Topics include chemical and cellular composition of the body, genetic control, cellular respiration and metabolism, nervous system and sensory physiological function.

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BIOL 320 - Introduction to Genetics

The cellular and molecular basis of heredity. Mendelian genetics and its chromosomal basis, linkage and genetic mapping in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and changes in chromosome number will be studied. DNA as genetic material, the genetic code, replication, control of protein synthesis, the governance of gene action, and recombinant DNA techniques will receive emphasis.

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BIOL 330 - Ecology

Relationships among animals, plants and the non-living environment, energy flow, nutrient cycles, ecological succession, communities, populations; application of ecological principles to the modern world. Laboratory work focuses on using basic techniques of ecological investigation. Participation in a three-day, overnight field trip on Thursday, Friday and Saturday of the last weekend of September is required.

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BIOL 340 - Plant Diversity

A study of all the major plant groups. Representative organism of each group will be examined in terms of their anatomy, morphology, and life cycle. Classification and adaptation will receive special attention.

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BIOL 343 - Integrated Zoology

Integrated Zoology takes a systems based approach to understanding the connection between organismal form and function within a phylogenetic context. The selective pressures of a changing world and environmental conditions ensure that organisms are in continuous modification, becoming adapted to fill the endless niches found on earth through out geological time. The focus is on a comparison of body plans, morphology, and life cycles that facilitate the locomotion, reproduction, and homeostasis of organisms ranging from protozoans to the invertebrates and vertebrates. Laboratory exercises expose students to the diversity of living animals and demonstrate basic morphological specializations of representative organisms.

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BIOL 346 - General Microbiology

The organization, morphology and cell structure of microorganisms with emphasis on bacteria and fungi. Microbial growth and its control, aspects of medical and applied microbiology and microbial ecology are discussed. Laboratory exercises are designed to demonstrate basic microbiological techniques as well as relevant microbial activities and functions.

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BIOL 352 - Physiology of the Vertebrates

The physiological processes, from molecular- to organism-level, that allow animals to live in their environments are examined. Systems studied include gas exchange, circulation, hematology, digestion and excretion, sensory systems, osmoregulation, thermoegulation, and control mechanisms involving the endocrine system and the nervous system (CNS, PNS, and ANS). Themes of integration and homeostasis, the maintenance of a stable internal environment are also examined. Lab exercises illustrate the experimental study of physiological mechanisms with an emphasis on human physiology.

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BIOL 362 - Ethology

An overview of the evolution, function and development of animal behavior. Evolutionary processes (e.g. selection and adaptation), physiological processes (e.g. the nervous system and behavior), the behavior of individuals (e.g. development, learning, mating), and the ecology of behavior (e.g. foraging) are discussed.

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BIOL 364 - Brain and Behavior

A study of the relation between biology and behavior in humans. Topics include mind/brain issues, brain development, genes and behavior, structure and function of the nervous system, brain disorders, biopsychology of motivated disorders, drug abuse and lateralization. Foundational issues as well as biological details will be emphasized.

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BIOL 391 - Biostatistics

An introduction to the design of experiments and analysis of data collected from field and laboratory studies in biology. Statistical software will be used extensively.

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BIOL 397 - Research Methods in Biology

Explores the contexts for the discipline of biology, including historical, methodological, ethical, and societal dimensions, as well as current biological topics of interest in basic research, industrial, and environmental settings. Ethical and professional responsibilities for biologists in industrial, research, and academic settings will be addressed, as well as other topics that explore the interface between biology and society. Research methods and skills in biology will be emphasized, including literature review, experimental design, scientific writing, scientific communication, and mentorship. A key requirement of each student is the preparation of a project proposal, and the review and critique of each others work. Students, faculty, and visiting speakers will give presentations. It is required by all three-year, and four-year biology majors, and is a prerequisite for conduct an undergraduate research, either a Biol 494 or Biol 497.

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BIOL 399 - Special Topics in Biology

A course on a topic or figure of special interest to a member of the biology faculty and offered on a non-recurring basis.

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BIOL 422 - Molecular Cell Biology I

A detailed examination of the molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics included are: cell culture, DNA replication and recombination, regulation of transcription, gene control in development, membrane structure and function, organelle biogenesis, cell-to-cell signaling, nerve cells, cytoskeleton, extracellular matrix, multicellularity, control of the cell cycle, cancer, and immunity. Special emphasis is placed on the tools of molecular genetic analysis. The laboratory work is designed to provide hands-on experience with current molecular genetics techniques.

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BIOL 423 - Molecular Cell Biology II

A continuation of BIOL 422.

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BIOL 434 - Population Ecology

The principles of population ecology in plants and animals including: the population consequences of variation among individuals; habitat and population structure; habitat selection and foraging theory. Exploration of demographic tools for population dynamics (life tables and other models), the evolution of life histories, population dynamics, and population regulation through organism interactions (competition, predation, mutualisms).

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BIOL 436 - Conservation Biology

A discussion of the principles of conservation biology with applications to sustainable human society and biosphere integrity. This course develops the theoretical and applied basis for maintaining plant and animal populations considered endangered, threatened or at risk. It explores the complex factors contributing to the decline, extinction, or recovery of species. The course develops a stewardship perspective rooted in biological principles, and ethical, historical and economic considerations. Local, regional and global conservation strategies are discussed.

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BIOL 438 - Plant Ecology

Topics covered in Plant Ecology include ecophysiology, population biology, the structure and dynamics of plant communities, ecosystems, and landscapes, and climate and vegetative interactions, Field methods and analysis techniques for studying plant ecology will be covered.

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BIOL 466 - Evolution, Genes, and Behavior

This course examines how evolutionary psychology and behavior genetics can illuminate our embodied nature, and explores the strengths, limitations and implications of these approaches for understanding the human cycle. This course also examines how research and theorizing in these two areas are influencing culture, via the media.

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BIOL 470 - Biochemistry I

This course is designed to introduce students to biochemistry. The focus of the lectures is on the structure and function of the chemical constituents of living organisms. The lectures cover such topics as the energetics of biochemical reactions, amino acids and peptides, protein structure and function, enzyme kinetics, bioenergetics, carbohydrates and carbohydrate metabolism.

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BIOL 471 - Biochemistry II

This course is a continuation of BIOL 470. The topics covered include electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation, lipids and lipid metabolism, amino acid metabolism, nucleic acids and their metabolism, photosynthesis, the chemical structure of genes and chromosomes, protein synthesis, and the structure and function of biological membranes.

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BIOL 474 - Chemistry of Ecological Relationships

An introduction to the chemical basis and mechanisms fundamental to the interaction between organisms. Topics included are: plant biochemical adaptation to the environment, chemistry of pollination, plant toxins, hormonal interactions between plants and animals, chemical basis for insect feeding preferences and vertebrate feeding preferences, animal pheromones, and chemical interactions between plants.

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BIOL 478 - Modeling In Biology

An introduction to techniques and software programs used to model biological, chemical, physical or environmental phenomena. Laboratory work will be tailored to students' interests and needs.

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BIOL 480 - History and Theory of Biology

The history of biology from early times to the present. Ideas influencing the study of biological phenomena, and the effects of biological developments upon human ideas and culture are discussed.

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BIOL 486 - Evolutionary Biology

Exploration of evolutionary processes, including the theoretical and experimental basis for the evolution of organisms. A survey of the fossil record, population genetics, variation, natural selection, adaptation and the mechanisms of species formation. Special attention will be given to the history of evolutionary theory and its place in biology.

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BIOL 494 - Senior Independent Project

In this course students conduct an independent project, designed in consultation with the instructor. This project may be an independent research project in the laboratories at the University, a cooperative project with a public agency, or a biological literature research project. Other ventures are possible. Before the work commences, the student is required to submit a detailed proposal. Upon completion of the project, the results must be presented in the form of a paper and a seminar.

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BIOL 495 - Biology Seminar

A weekly seminar through the winter term, exploring the contexts for the discipline of biology, including historical, methodological, ethical and societal dimensions, as well as current biological topics of interest in basic research, industrial and environmental settings. Ethical and professional responsibilities for biologists in industrial, research and academic settings will be addressed, as well as other topics that explore the interface between biology and society. Students, faculty and visiting speakers will give presentations. This course will meet concurrently with BIOL 395, and from time to time with CHEM 395/495. It is required for fourth-year biology majors. Mark for the course will be pass/fail.

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BIOL 497 - Senior Thesis

Independent full-year research project carried out under the mentorship of a faculty member. This project may be an independent research project in the laboratories at the University or a cooperative project with another laboratory or agency. Upon completion of the project, the results are presented in the form of a senior thesis and a seminar. The BIOL 497 thesis research can also be carried out in a summer of full-time research work at The King's University laboratories or as an intern.

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BIOL 499 - Directed Studies In Biology